Prevention of HIV with acyclovir
About 80-90% of the world's population has antibodies to the herpes virus. This means that they had been ill earlier or are carriers of it. Only 5% of people are immune to viral disease. Acyclovir for the prevention of herpes is prescribed both externally in the form of an ointment and for internal use. The disease cannot be cured completely, but it is necessary to control the course in order to prevent the development of complications in time.
Why prevention is needed
Once in the body, the herpes simplex virus can manifest itself in different ways. Its danger is in the absence of clinical symptoms for a long time. Against the background of a decrease in the body's defenses, it is activated and starts the process of inflammation. The most common herpes of the lips, which appears on their surface after hypothermia.
In second place is genital herpes, which has characteristic clinical manifestations. If treatment is not started on time, the disease leads to infertility. Herpes virus 2 is especially dangerous because of complications for a baby in the womb. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor your health at the stage of planning and pregnancy.
It is necessary to take Acyclovir for the prevention of herpes with weakened immunity, autoimmune diseases. Acyclovir therapy leads to a significant decrease in the number of recurrences of the infection.
What is the mechanism of action of the drug
Can I drink Acyclovir to prevent herpes infection? The synthetic substance of the drug Acyclovir stops the spread of the herpes virus at the level of its DNA. This leads not only to a decrease in its activity, but also stops the further spread of infected cells. At the same time, the drug does not adversely affect healthy cells.
Acyclovir is available in several dosage forms
When applied topically, Acyclovir fights herpes infection on the surface of the skin, mucous membranes. Ingestion affects the virus at the cellular level. In addition, therapy with the drug significantly reduces the duration and alleviates the severity of the course of the disease. The plant base of Acyclovir does not harm healthy cells in the body.
The use of Acyclovir
The drug is indicated for acute pathological conditions, with a preventive purpose:
- lesions of the skin, mucous membranes caused by the herpes virus 1 and 2
- recurrence of herpes in patients with severe immunological status
- therapy of repeated and primary viral infections (chickenpox, shingles)
It is important! The treatment regimen with Acyclovir should be prescribed by the attending physician. Taking the tablet form of the drug, you must remember about the effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
To reduce unwanted side effects, you need to follow simple recommendations
- Do not take Acyclovir on an empty stomach, it is harmful to the mucous membrane of the organ. Take a tablet with a sufficient amount of liquid;
- Strictly adhere to the dosage;
- Do not combine antiviral therapy with alcohol;
- Avoid exposure to ultraviolet rays on the skin during treatment.
How much to drink Acyclovir for prevention determines the number of recurrences of herpes during the year.
If the benefit to the mother outweighs the risk during pregnancy, acyclovir is prescribed to prevent early delivery. During lactation, the use of Acyclovir for the treatment of herpes is prohibited due to its ability to accumulate in breast milk.
When using Acyclovir in the form of tablets and injections, side effects are possible:
- dizziness and weakness;
- violations in the kidneys;
- nose bleed;
- the appearance of hematomas;
- feeling of a full bladder.
If one of the above symptoms appears, you should stop taking Acyclovir. Prevention of herpes with Acyclovir is contraindicated in two cases:
- during breastfeeding;
- in children under 3 years of age.
Acyclovir is taken with caution in old age, with disorders of the nervous system, impaired renal function.
Who is at risk
For preventive purposes, it is necessary to drink Acyclovir for herpes for people with reduced immunity, with frequent relapses of the disease. Genital herpes increases the risk of spontaneous abortion and can cause premature birth. Acyclovir reduces viral shedding, reducing the need for a caesarean section.
The effectiveness of taking the drug in the last trimester in pregnant women with genital herpes has been proven. In pregnant women with active forms of herpes who have given birth naturally, Acyclovir is prescribed in order to prevent infection of the newborn.
It is prescribed when the number of recurrences of herpes infection is more than 5 times a year. Acyclovir is taken in such a case without interruption for 6-12 months. In a day, the drug is drunk 4 times in an amount of 200 mg at a time. The interval between doses is 6 hours.
The course of treatment with Acyclovir for the prevention of herpes infection is prescribed strictly individually by the doctor, depending on the patient's state of health and the presence of antibodies to the virus.
Herpes is an insidious disease caused by the herpes virus that can manifest itself too often - more than 4 times a year - or does not make itself felt at all throughout life. It all depends on immunity. If it is strong, then the infection will be latent. If for some reason it weakens, then the symptomatology of the disease immediately makes itself felt. Prevention is very important in the presence of such a disease. This is especially necessary for people at risk. The most famous and effective preventive drug is Acyclovir. It is prescribed to people with different age categories.